Alexander Beulens

63 Training novice robot surgeons: Proctoring provides same results as simulator-generated guidance Figure 2. Examples of the simulation exercises; A) Camera 0, B) Wristed Manipulation 1, C) Wristed Manipulation 2, D) Knot Tying, E) Railroad track, F) Freehand vesico-urethral anastomosis, G) Guided vesico-urethral anastomosis with the guidance dots (green) around the needle. a b c d e f g