Alexander Beulens

The training and assessment of surgical Skills in Robot assisted surgery ISBN: 978-94-6458-880-4 Copyright 2023 by Alexander Beulens, Son en Breugel, The Netherlands Printing: Ridderprint, the Netherlands Cover design: Daan Janssen © 2023 Dutch Works. Image depicted on cover: Da Vinci X Surgical System © 2023 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. The publication of this thesis was generously supported by: Wetenschapsfonds Catharina ziekenhuis, Stichting Opleiden Medici, SBOH, Dutch Society for Simulation in Healthcare (DSSH), and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam